Zappos is a classic customer service company, and their customer is the person who buys the shoes.
Nike, on the other hand, doesn't care very much at all about the people who buy the shoes, or even the retailers. They care about the athletes (often famous) that wear the shoes, sometimes for money. They name buildings after these athletes, court them, erect statues...
Columbia Records has no idea who buys their music and never has. On the other hand, they understand that their customer is the musician, and they have an entire department devoted to keeping that 'customer' happy. (Their other customer was the program director at the radio station, but we know where that's going...)
Many manufacturers have retailers as their customer. If Wal-Mart is happy, they're happy.
Apple had just one customer. He passed away last year.
And some companies and politicians choose the media as their customer.
而最讓我震撼的是以下這句：Many manufacturers have retailers as their customer. If Wal-Mart is happy, they're happy.