2013年12月18日 星期三

[Coding] Android中的supplementary groups

在Linux當中有所謂的supplementary groups,那什麼是supplementary groups呢?

一般在Linux當中,都是透過groupname來設定user所在的群組,這同時也設定user權限被限制在該群組當中。而透過Supplementary group,就可以讓user除了所屬群組的權限外,還能有其他額外支援群組的權限,這也是其存在的意義。

以Linux為基礎的Android當然也有這套機制。

那麼有哪些可以設定呢? 可以參考 : system/core/include/private/android_filesystem_config.h
/* This is the master Users and Groups config for the platform.
** DO NOT EVER RENUMBER.
*/

#define AID_ROOT             0  /* traditional unix root user */

#define AID_SYSTEM        1000  /* system server */

#define AID_RADIO         1001  /* telephony subsystem, RIL */
#define AID_BLUETOOTH     1002  /* bluetooth subsystem */
#define AID_GRAPHICS      1003  /* graphics devices */
#define AID_INPUT         1004  /* input devices */
#define AID_AUDIO         1005  /* audio devices */
#define AID_CAMERA        1006  /* camera devices */
#define AID_LOG           1007  /* log devices */
#define AID_COMPASS       1008  /* compass device */
#define AID_MOUNT         1009  /* mountd socket */
#define AID_WIFI          1010  /* wifi subsystem */
#define AID_ADB           1011  /* android debug bridge (adbd) */
#define AID_INSTALL       1012  /* group for installing packages */
#define AID_MEDIA         1013  /* mediaserver process */
#define AID_DHCP          1014  /* dhcp client */
#define AID_SDCARD_RW     1015  /* external storage write access */
#define AID_VPN           1016  /* vpn system */
#define AID_KEYSTORE      1017  /* keystore subsystem */
#define AID_USB           1018  /* USB devices */
#define AID_DRM           1019  /* DRM server */
#define AID_MDNSR         1020  /* MulticastDNSResponder (service discovery) */
#define AID_GPS           1021  /* GPS daemon */
#define AID_UNUSED1       1022  /* deprecated, DO NOT USE */
#define AID_MEDIA_RW      1023  /* internal media storage write access */
#define AID_MTP           1024  /* MTP USB driver access */
#define AID_UNUSED2       1025  /* deprecated, DO NOT USE */
#define AID_DRMRPC        1026  /* group for drm rpc */
#define AID_NFC           1027  /* nfc subsystem */
#define AID_SDCARD_R      1028  /* external storage read access */

#define AID_SHELL         2000  /* adb and debug shell user */
#define AID_CACHE         2001  /* cache access */
#define AID_DIAG          2002  /* access to diagnostic resources */

/* The 3000 series are intended for use as supplemental group id's only.
 * They indicate special Android capabilities that the kernel is aware of. */
#define AID_NET_BT_ADMIN  3001  /* bluetooth: create any socket */
#define AID_NET_BT        3002  /* bluetooth: create sco, rfcomm or l2cap sockets */
#define AID_INET          3003  /* can create AF_INET and AF_INET6 sockets */
#define AID_NET_RAW       3004  /* can create raw INET sockets */
#define AID_NET_ADMIN     3005  /* can configure interfaces and routing tables. */
#define AID_NET_BW_STATS  3006  /* read bandwidth statistics */
#define AID_NET_BW_ACCT   3007  /* change bandwidth statistics accounting */
#define AID_NET_BT_STACK  3008  /* bluetooth: access config files */

#define AID_MISC          9998  /* access to misc storage */
#define AID_NOBODY        9999

#define AID_APP          10000  /* first app user */

#define AID_ISOLATED_START 99000 /* start of uids for fully isolated sandboxed processes */
#define AID_ISOLATED_END   99999 /* end of uids for fully isolated sandboxed processes */

#define AID_USER        100000  /* offset for uid ranges for each user */

#define AID_SHARED_GID_START 50000 /* start of gids for apps in each user to share */
#define AID_SHARED_GID_END   59999 /* start of gids for apps in each user to share */


張貼留言